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Clean and Unclean Foods

God created certain animals that can be used for food and others that are unfit to eat. "Clean" foods are those which in their natural state do not harm the human body. "Unclean" foods are those which are unhealthy for the body. Even by the time of Noah it was understood there is a difference between clean and unclean animals when he was told to take one pair of unclean animals and seven pairs of clean animals into the ark (Gen 7:2).

Genesis 1:29 "God said, Behold, I have given you every herb bearing seed, which is upon the face of all the earth, and every fruit tree containing seeds to be your food."

Leviticus 3:17 "It will be an everlasting law for your generations in all their dwellings, that you can not eat fat or blood."

Leviticus 7:23-24 "You cannot eat any kind of fat, of ox, or of sheep, or of goat. But the fat of any animal that dies by itself or is killed by other animals, can be used for other uses but you can not eat it."

Leviticus 7:26 "Also you cannot eat any type of blood, whether it be from fowl or mammal, in any of your homes."

Leviticus 11:2-47 "Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, These are the beasts which ye shall eat among all the beasts that are on the earth. Whatsoever parteth the hoof, and is clovenfooted, and cheweth the cud, among the beasts, that shall ye eat. Nevertheless these shall ye not eat of them that chew the cud, or of them that divide the hoof: as the camel, because he cheweth the cud, but divideth not the hoof; he is unclean unto you. And the coney, because he cheweth the cud, but divideth not the hoof; he is unclean unto you. And the hare, because he cheweth the cud, but divideth not the hoof; he is unclean unto you. And the swine, though he divide the hoof, and be clovenfooted, yet he cheweth not the cud; he is unclean to you. Of their flesh shall ye not eat, and their carcase shall ye not touch; they are unclean to you. These shall ye eat of all that are in the waters: whatsoever hath fins and scales in the waters, in the seas, and in the rivers, them shall ye eat. And all that have not fins and scales in the seas, and in the rivers, of all that move in the waters, and of any living thing which is in the waters, they shall be an abomination unto you: They shall be even an abomination unto you; ye shall not eat of their flesh, but ye shall have their carcases in abomination. Whatsoever hath no fins nor scales in the waters, that shall be an abomination unto you. And these are they which ye shall have in abomination among the fowls; they shall not be eaten, they are an abomination: the eagle, and the ossifrage, and the ospray, And the vulture, and the kite after his kind; Every raven after his kind; And the owl, and the night hawk, and the cuckow, and the hawk after his kind, And the little owl, and the cormorant, and the great owl, And the swan, and the pelican, and the gier eagle, And the stork, the heron after her kind, and the lapwing, and the bat. All fowls that creep, going upon all four, shall be an abomination unto you. Yet these may ye eat of every flying creeping thing that goeth upon all four, which have legs above their feet, to leap withal upon the earth; Even these of them ye may eat; the locust after his kind, and the bald locust after his kind, and the beetle after his kind, and the grasshopper after his kind. But all other flying creeping things, which have four feet, shall be an abomination unto you. And for these ye shall be unclean: whosoever toucheth the carcase of them shall be unclean until the even. And whosoever beareth ought of the carcase of them shall wash his clothes, and be unclean until the even. The carcases of every beast which divideth the hoof, and is not clovenfooted, nor cheweth the cud, are unclean unto you: every one that toucheth them shall be unclean. And whatsoever goeth upon his paws, among all manner of beasts that go on all four, those are unclean unto you: whoso toucheth their carcase shall be unclean until the even. And he that beareth the carcase of them shall wash his clothes, and be unclean until the even: they are unclean unto you. These also shall be unclean unto you among the creeping things that creep upon the earth; the weasel, and the mouse, and the tortoise after his kind, And the ferret, and the chameleon, and the lizard, and the snail, and the mole. These are unclean to you among all that creep: whosoever doth touch them, when they be dead, shall be unclean until the even. And upon whatsoever any of them, when they are dead, doth fall, it shall be unclean; whether it be any vessel of wood, or raiment, or skin, or sack, whatsoever vessel it be, wherein any work is done, it must be put into water, and it shall be unclean until the even; so it shall be cleansed. And every earthen vessel, whereinto any of them falleth, whatsoever is in it shall be unclean; and ye shall break it. Of all meat which may be eaten, that on which such water cometh shall be unclean: and all drink that may be drunk in every such vessel shall be unclean. And every thing whereupon any part of their carcase falleth shall be unclean; whether it be oven, or ranges for pots, they shall be broken down: for they are unclean, and shall be unclean unto you. Nevertheless a fountain or pit, wherein there is plenty of water, shall be clean: but that which toucheth their carcase shall be unclean. And if any part of their carcase fall upon any sowing seed which is to be sown, it shall be clean. But if any water be put upon the seed, and any part of their carcase fall thereon, it shall be unclean unto you. And if any beast, of which ye may eat, die; he that toucheth the carcase thereof shall be unclean until the even. And he that eateth of the carcase of it shall wash his clothes, and be unclean until the even: he also that beareth the carcase of it shall wash his clothes, and be unclean until the even. And every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth shall be an abomination; it shall not be eaten. Whatsoever goeth upon the belly, and whatsoever goeth upon all four, or whatsoever hath more feet among all creeping things that creep upon the earth, them ye shall not eat; for they are an abomination. Ye shall not make yourselves abominable with any creeping thing that creepeth, neither shall ye make yourselves unclean with them, that ye should be defiled thereby. For I am the LORD your God: ye shall therefore sanctify yourselves, and ye shall be holy; for I am holy: neither shall ye defile yourselves with any manner of creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth. For I am the LORD that bringeth you up out of the land of Egypt, to be your God: ye shall therefore be holy, for I am holy. This is the law of the beasts, and of the fowl, and of every living creature that moveth in the waters, and of every creature that creepeth upon the earth: To make a difference between the unclean and the clean, and between the beast that may be eaten and the beast that may not be eaten."

Deuteronomy 14:3-21 "Thou shalt not eat any abominable thing. These are the beasts which ye shall eat: the ox, the sheep, and the goat, The hart, and the roebuck, and the fallow deer, and the wild goat, and the pygarg, and the wild ox, and the chamois. And every beast that parteth the hoof, and cleaveth the cleft into two claws, and cheweth the cud among the beasts, that ye shall eat. Nevertheless these ye shall not eat of them that chew the cud, or of them that divide the cloven hoof; as the camel, and the hare, and the coney: for they chew the cud, but divide not the hoof; therefore they are unclean unto you. And the swine, because it divideth the hoof, yet cheweth not the cud, it is unclean unto you: ye shall not eat of their flesh, nor touch their dead carcase. These ye shall eat of all that are in the waters: all that have fins and scales shall ye eat: And whatsoever hath not fins and scales ye may not eat; it is unclean unto you. Of all clean birds ye shall eat. But these are they of which ye shall not eat: the eagle, and the ossifrage, and the ospray, And the glede, and the kite, and the vulture after his kind, And every raven after his kind, And the owl, and the night hawk, and the cuckow, and the hawk after his kind, The little owl, and the great owl, and the swan, And the pelican, and the gier eagle, and the cormorant, And the stork, and the heron after her kind, and the lapwing, and the bat. And every creeping thing that flieth is unclean unto you: they shall not be eaten. But of all clean fowls ye may eat. Ye shall not eat of any thing that dieth of itself: thou shalt give it unto the stranger that is in thy gates, that he may eat it; or thou mayest sell it unto an alien: for thou art an holy people unto the LORD thy God. Thou shalt not seethe a kid in his mother's milk."

Below is a list of foods, defined in the Bible, as being Clean and Unclean.

They can be found in Leviticus 11 and Deuteronomy 14.

Clean Land Animals

Wild Goat

Fallow Deer

Goat

Ox

Pygarg
(Species of antelope?)

Wild Ox

Hart
(Species of Deer)

Sheep

Roebuck
(Antelope, Gazel)

Chamois
(goat like)

Cattle

Reindeer

Antelope

Deer

Moose

Giraffe

Bison

Elk

Hart

 

Caribou

Gazelle

Ibex

 

Unclean Land Animals

Camel

Mouse

Snail (Slug)

Mole

Weasel

Coney

Hare (Rabbit)

Ferret

Skunk

Beaver

Squirrel

Rat

Raccoon

Porcupine

Groundhog

Muskrat

Gorilla

Opossum

Badger

Rhinoceros

Bear

Elephant

Hippopotamus

Monkey

Armadillo

Wolverine

Kangaroo

Llama (alpaca, vicuña)

Equines (Ass, Donkey, Mule, Horse, Zebra)

Canines (Coyote, Dog, Fox, Hyena, Jackal, Wolf)

Felines (Cat, Cheetah, Leopard, Lion, Panther, Tiger)

Swine ( Pig, Boar, Peccary)

 

Clean Fish

The list of Clean Fish would be to long to list, all that have fins and scales are clean.

Unclean Fish, Marine Mammals, and Shell Fish

Fish

Dolphin

Bullhead

Whale

Swordfish

Marlin

Catfish

Porpoise

Shark

Paddlefish

Eel

Sturgeon
(includes most caviar)

 

Shellfish

Shrimp

Scallop

Oyster

Prawn

Mussel

Crayfish

Clam

 

Lobster

Crab

Abalone

 

Soft Body

Cuttlefish

Squid (calamari)

Limpet

Jellyfish

Octopus

     

Sea Mammals

Walrus

Seal

Otter

 

Clean Birds

The Bible does not specifically mention what is clean, rather from it's lengthy list of forbidden birds it can be concluded that all the birds of prey and most water-fowl were considered unclean.

Chicken

Grouse

Pigeon

Sparrow (and other songbirds)

Dove

Guinea fowl

Prairie chicken

Sagehen

Pheasant

Partridge

Ptarmigan

Teal

Peacock

Peafowl

Quail

Turkey

 

Unclean Birds

Eagle

Ossifrage

Osprey

Vulture after his
kind

Kite

Every raven after his kind

Owl

Night Hawk

Cuckow or Cuckoo

Hawk after his
kind

Little Owl

Cormorant

Great Owl

Horned Owl

Pelican

Gier Eagle

Stork

Heron after her
kind

Lapwing

Bat

Albatross

Crane

Magpie

Roadrunner

Bat

Flamingo

Loon

Sandpiper

Bittern

Grebe

Ostrich

Seagull

Buzzard

Grosbeak

Penguin

Woodpecker

Condor

Gull

Parrot

Swallow

Coot

Plover

Rail

 

Crow

Water Hen

Swift

 

Clean Insects

Locust after his kind

Bald locust after his kind

Beetle after his
kind

Grasshopper after his kind

 

Unclean Insects

All insects except some in the beetle and locust family.

Unclean Reptiles

Lizard

Great Lizard

Chameleon

Crocodile

Alligator

Blindworm

Turtle

Frog

Snake

Newt

Toad

Salamander

Caiman

 

These laws are known as health laws, and are the means for achieving a healthier life.

In the beginning man ate fruits and vegetables, but later started eating meat. God made known what meats where unhealthy through the laws of clean and unclean foods long before there was a nation of Israel, even before Noah's time, as seen in Genesis 7:2 and 7:8.

It is a well know fact today, that these same unclean foods are known to be unhealthy.

But you say, what about the following verse from scripture?

Deuteronomy 12:15 "Notwithstanding thou mayest kill and eat flesh in all thy gates, whatsoever thy soul lusteth after, according to the blessing of the Lord thy God which he hath given thee: the unclean and the clean may eat thereof, as of the roebuck, and as of the hart."

This is one of the most misinterpreted verses on this subject, because of the food laws being well know in their nation they did not keep unclean animals around for food, so they would not have found it in their gates. It is speaking of the unclean person eating with the clean person during this time. Normaly an unclean person was not allowed to eat with those that where clean.

Deuteronomy 15:22 "Thou shalt eat it within thy gates: the unclean [person] and the clean person shall eat it alike, as the roebuck, and as the hart"

How clear it becomes now. We should take note that these are very clearly laws to be obeyed.

Isaiah 66:17 "Of them that bless themselves, or purify themselves in the gardens hiding behind a tree, eating swine's flesh, and the other abominations, such as the mouse, will be consumed together does say the Lord."

As shown with this verse God does condemn those that eat of what is considered an abomination. Isaiah 65:4 tells us that eating swine and other abominable things provokes the Lord to anger.

For those that would say these laws where only for the people of Israel at that time, take note that animals where regarded as clean or unclean during the time of Noah (Gen 7:2) before Israel existed.

Blood

Acts 15:28- 29 "For it seemed good to the Holy Ghost, and to us, to lay upon you no greater burden than these necessary things; That ye abstain567 from meats offered to idols, and from blood, and from things strangled, and from fornication: from which if ye keep yourselves, ye shall do well. Fare ye well."

567 = Middle voice (reflexive) of 568; to hold oneself off, that is, refrain: - abstain.
568 = From 575 and 2192; (active) to have out, that is, receive in full; (intransitive) to keep (oneself) away, that is, be distant (literally or figuratively): - be, have, receive.
575 = A primary particle; "off", that is, away (from something near), in various senses (of place, time, or relation; literally or figuratively): - (X here-) after, ago, at, because of, before, by (the space of), for (-th), from, in, (out) of, off, (up-) on (-ce), since, with. In composition (as a prefix) it usually denotes separation, departure, cessation, completion, reversal, etc.
2192 = A primary verb (including an alternate form σχέω scheō skheh'-o used in certain tenses only); to hold (used in very various applications, literally or figuratively, direct or remote; such as possession, ability, contiguity, relation or condition): - be (able, X hold, possessed with), accompany, + begin to amend, can (+ -not), X conceive, count, diseased, do, + eat, + enjoy, + fear, following, have, hold, keep, + lack, + go to law, lie, + must needs, + of necessity, + need, next, + recover, + reign, + rest, return, X sick, take for, + tremble, + uncircumcised, use.

Clearly abstaining from something is to keep oneself away from it as best as one can.

Genesis 9:4-6 "But flesh with the life thereof, which is the blood thereof, shall ye not eat. And surely your blood of your lives will I require; at the hand of every beast will I require it, and at the hand of man; at the hand of every man's brother will I require the life of man. Whoso sheddeth man's blood, by man shall his blood be shed: for in the image of God made he man."

Deuteronomy 12:23-25 "Only be sure that thou eat not the blood: for the blood is the life; and thou mayest not eat the life with the flesh. Thou shalt not eat it; thou shalt pour it upon the earth as water. Thou shalt not eat it; that it may go well with thee, and with thy children after thee, when thou shalt do that which is right in the sight of the Lord."

Leviticus 7:26-27 "Moreover ye shall eat no manner of blood, whether it be of fowl or of beast, in any of your dwellings. Whatsoever soul it be that eateth any manner of blood, even that soul shall be cut off from his [God's] people."

 

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